Today In History 7/2

Published 4:00 am Sunday, July 2, 2023


Incident at Xuanwu Gate: in fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng.


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At the Battle of Marston Moor, Parliamentary forces handed the Royalists their first major defeat in the English Civil Wars.


After a dramatic all-night ride, Delaware delegate Caesar Rodney arrived just in time to cast the decisive vote approving the Declaration of Independence.


Chief Tecumseh urges Native Americans to unite against white settlers.


Denmark Vesey was hanged in Charleston, South Carolina, for planning the most extensive slave revolt in U.S. history.


Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.


A slave rebellion occurred on the ship Amistad, and in their trial the following year the mutineers, who were deemed to be kidnap victims rather than merchandise, were acquitted—a victory for American abolitionism.


President James A. Garfield shot.


The first flight of a zeppelin took place as the airship departed a floating hangar on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.


Greece declares war on Central Powers.


U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt coined the term “New Deal” in his acceptance speech for the Democratic presidential nomination.


The airplane piloted by American aviator Amelia Earhart disappeared over the central Pacific Ocean during her attempt to fly around the world.


Noël Coward’s “Blithe Spirit” premieres in London.


American businessman Sam Walton opened the first Walmart (then known as Wal-Mart) store, in Rogers, Arkansas; it was the start of what would become the largest retail sales chain in the United States.


On this day in 1964, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act, perhaps the most important U.S. law on civil rights since Reconstruction (1865–77) and a hallmark of the American civil rights movement.


American pole vaulter Bob Seagren breaks world record for the 4th and final time with 5.63m in Eugene, Oregon.


The United States first issued the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin, making Anthony the first woman to be depicted on U.S. currency.


1,426 pilgrims trampled to death after a panic in a tunnel in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.


“Men in Black” premieres in theaters.


American adventurer Steve Fossett became the first balloonist to circumnavigate the world alone.


More than six years after being taken hostage by FARC guerrillas, Colombian politician Ingrid Betancourt was freed during a rescue mission in which army soldiers posed as international aid workers.