Today In History 7/3
Published 4:00 am Monday, July 3, 2023
Battle of Adrianople: Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats his co-emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
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Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem’s crusader army.
Samuel de Champlain founded the city of Quebec, the first permanent European base in Canada.
George Washington officially assumed command of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, several weeks after being appointed to the post.
Pioneering French magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin opens his magic theatre in Paris.
The U.S. House of Representatives voted to admit Kansas to statehood under the antislavery resolution known as the Topeka Constitution, despite the opposition of the Senate and President Franklin Pierce.
Battle of Gettysburg ended.
Gunfighter Clay Allison killed.
Idaho becomes 43rd state.
American boxer Marvin Hart scores a 12th round KO of Jack Root in Reno, Nevada for the vacant world heavyweight title.
John Logie Baird demonstrates the first colour television transmission in London.
President Eisenhower initiates federal flood-control program.
American actor Tom Cruise—who was one of Hollywood’s most popular leading men, known for his clean-cut good looks and versatility—was born.
An Israeli commando squad, led by Dan Shomron, launched a rescue of hostages held by airplane hijackers in Entebbe, Uganda.
Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Sweden’s Björn Borg beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 6-4, 6-2, 9-7 for the first of 5 straight Wimbledon titles.
The comedy Back to the Future, directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Michael J. Fox as Marty McFly, was released in American theatres; a huge hit, it was followed by several sequels.
CBS announces a 21% stock buy-back to thwart Ted Turner’s takeover.
Tinker Bell’s first nightly flight at Walt Disney World Resort, Florida.
U.S. warship downs Iranian passenger jet.
UK House of Commons announces that the Stone of Scone, aka the Stone of Destiny, used in the coronation of Scottish (and subsequently English and British monarchs), will be returned to Scotland after 700 years in Westminster Abbey.
British singer-songwriter Lily Allen releases her debut single “Smile”.
Following massive demonstrations against his rule, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi was removed from office by a military action.
Cardi B becomes first female rapper to get two number one US Billboard hits, with “I Like It” with Bad Bunny and J Balvin.