Today In History 7/4
Published 4:00 am Tuesday, July 4, 2023
The Declaration of Independence, adopted this day in 1776 by the Second Continental Congress, called for the American colonies to secede from Great Britain, a proclamation now commemorated by a U.S. national holiday.
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James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
The United States Military Academy opened in West Point, New York.
The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people by President Thomas Jefferson.
American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne, whose greatest works, including the novel The Scarlet Letter (1850), are marked by profound psychological and moral insight, was born in Salem, Massachusetts.
Former Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, who were once fellow Patriots and then adversaries, die on the same day within five hours of each other.
Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: mining pit floods drown 26 children, leads to 1842 ‘Mines and Collieries Act’ bans women and children working underground.
Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was published, though the first print run was soon recalled because of quality issues; a new first edition was released in November.
The Statue of Liberty was presented to the United States by the French in Paris.
Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers Rube Waddell (A’s) and Cy Young (Boston) matchup in 20-inning classic; Philadelphia win, 4-2.
Jack Dempsey beats champion Jess Willard, retired in 3rd round in Toledo, Ohio for world heavyweight championship.
Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
On an appreciation day in his honour, American baseball player Lou Gehrig, who had been forced to retire months earlier due to ALS, gave a memorable speech in which he claimed to be “the luckiest man on the face of the earth.”
The Republic of the Philippines was proclaimed an independent country, with Manuel Roxas as its first president.
Walt Disney is one of the two main speakers on the Independence Day in The Rebuild Hills at Skørping in Denmark.
Beachboys’ “I Get Around” reaches #1.
Beatles attacked in the Philippines after (unintentionally) insulting Imelda Marcos.
140,000 attend 2-day Atlanta Pop Festival in Byron, Georgia; performers include: Janis Joplin; Blood, Sweat & Tears; Chicago; Led Zeppelin; Delaney and Bonnie; Creedence Clearwater Revival, Canned Heat; Joe Cocker; Chuck Berry; Spirit; and Johnny Winter.
British punk rock band the Clash gave their first public performance, opening for the Sex Pistols in a pub in Sheffield, England.
14 year old actress Drew Barrymore, attempts suicide.
Pathfinder lands on Mars.
Scientists at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN announced that they had detected an interesting signal that was likely from a Higgs boson.
North Korea tests first successful intercontinental ballistic missile into Sea of Japan