Today In History 7/12

Published 4:00 am Wednesday, July 12, 2023


Geoffrey Chaucer is named chief clerk by Richard II.


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Britain’s King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court.


Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II


Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel the previous day by Vice President Aaron Burr.


Confederacy signs treaties with Native Americans.


Wild Bill Hickok’s first gunfight.


The Medal of Honor, awarded for battlefield bravery, was created for the U.S. Army.


Chilean poet, diplomat, and politician Pablo Neruda, perhaps the most important Latin American poet of the 20th century and the winner of the 1971 Nobel Prize for Literature, was born in Parral.


150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent.


The independent republic of Lithuania, having successfully expelled invading Soviet troops, signed a peace treaty with Russia.


Russians halt German advance in a decisive battle at Kursk.


US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer.


Iconic British rock band the Rolling Stones performed their first show, billed as the Rollin’ Stones, at a club in London.


First Marine to receive Medal of Honor for action in Vietnam is killed.


The island nation of Sao Tome and Principe was granted independence from Portugal.


The television game show Family Feud began airing on ABC, and it became hugely popular, in part because of the personal charm and witty banter of host Richard Dawson; the show continued—with different hosts, including Steve Harvey—into the 21st century.


Between games of a baseball doubleheader involving the Chicago White Sox and the Detroit Tigers at Comiskey Park, disco records were blown up as part of a promotion dubbed Disco Demolition Night; fans subsequently rushed the field, and, as a result of the ensuing mayhem, the second game was forfeited to the Tigers.


Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale put forward Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate on this day in 1984, making her the first woman ever nominated for vice president by a major U.S. political party.


“Les Miserables,” opens at National Theatre, Washington, DC.


Axl Rose arrested on riot charges in St Louis stemming from a concert on Jul 2.


Hindi film “Devdas” premieres directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali and starring Shah Rukh Khan, Aishwarya Rai and Madhuri Dixit (Best Film Filmfare Awards).


Prince Albert II, the only son of Prince Rainier III and Grace Kelly, formally assumed the throne of Monaco.