Today In History 7/19
Published 4:00 am Wednesday, July 19, 2023
Scottish forces were defeated by the English under King Edward III in the Battle of Halidon Hill.
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During the Battle of the Solent, the Mary Rose, a warship that often served as the flagship of the English fleet, sank in a strait of the English Channel; the wreck was raised in 1982 and put on display in 2013.
Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz.
Massachusetts begins ill-fated Penobscot Expedition.
During Napoleon Bonaparte’s Egyptian campaign, a French soldier discovers a black basalt slab inscribed with ancient writing near the town of Rosetta, about 35 miles east of Alexandria. The irregularly shaped stone contained fragments of passages written in three different scripts: Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphics and Egyptian demotic.
The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world.
On this day in 1848, the women’s suffrage movement in the United States was launched with the opening of the Seneca Falls Convention, which sought to gain certain rights and privileges for women, notably the right to vote.
Lizzie Borden—who was suspected of murdering her stepmother and father but was acquitted in a trial that became a national sensation in the United States—was born in Fall River, Massachusetts.
The French emperor Napoleon III declared war on Prussia, beginning the Franco-German War.
Doc Holliday kills for the first time.
Hungarian piano virtuoso and composer Franz Liszt played the piano for the last time at a concert in Luxembourg.
French bicyclist Maurice Garin won the first Tour de France, which covered 2,428 km (1,508 miles).
Billboard publishes earliest known “Last Week’s 10 Best Sellers Among Popular Songs”; “Malinda’s Wedding Day” by singers Byron Harlan and Arthur Collins is #1 (recorded in Camden, New Jersey).
American liberal Democratic politician George S. McGovern, who served as a U.S. senator (1962–80) and was an unsuccessful candidate for the presidency in 1972, was born in Avon, South Dakota.
British PM Winston Churchill launches his “V for Victory” campaign.
Tom and Jerry first appear under their own names in cartoon “The Midnight Snack” by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.
Aung San, Burmese nationalist leader and prime minister, was assassinated in Rangoon (Yangon, Myanmar).
American wild-animal tamer Clyde Beatty—who was known for his “fighting act,” which was designed to show his courage and mastery of the ferocious animals under his control—died at age 62.
The Summer Olympics opened in Moscow, though some 60 countries refused to attend because of the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan in 1979; it was the largest boycott in the history of the Olympic movement.
The first episode of Mad Men aired, and the series, which starred Jon Hamm, quickly became a critical and commercial hit, noted for its nuanced representation of social life in the 1960s and for its stylish visual flair.
American actor James Garner, who was perhaps best known for his roles in the television series Maverick and The Rockford Files, died at age 86.