Today In History 7/21

Published 4:00 am Friday, July 21, 2023

356 BC

Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.


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Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria.


Michael Romanov was crowned tsar of Russia, founding the Romanov dynasty.


The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca was signed at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74.


Napoleon’s Army of Egypt used a new military tactic, the massive divisional square, to defeat the Egyptian forces of Murād Bey this day in 1798 at the Battle of the Pyramids during Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign.


The First Battle of Bull Run (called First Manassas by the South) was fought during the American Civil War.


After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed.


The trial of high-school teacher John T. Scopes ended with his conviction in Tennessee; he had taught Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution in violation of a state law.


Musical film “Stormy Weather”, directed by Andrew L. Stone, starring Bill Robinson, Lena Horne and Fats Waller (singing “Ain’t Misbehavin'”) premieres in the US.


The Geneva Accords effectively divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel.


Politician Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the world’s first woman prime minister when she took office in Ceylon (later Sri Lanka).


Virgil I. (“Gus”) Grissom became the second American to enter space during Project Mercury.


Albert John Luthuli, president of the African National Congress (1952–60) and the first African to be awarded a Nobel Prize for Peace (1960), died after being struck by a train.


Apollo 11: Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step on the Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT).


Aswan High Dam opens in Egypt, enables human control of the flooding of the Nile.


The world’s lowest recorded temperature, −128.6 °F (−89.2 °C), was measured at Vostok Station, Antarctica.


American heavy metal band Guns N’ Roses released the landmark album Appetite for Destruction, which sold more than 17 million copies.


“The Daily Show”, late-night talk and satirical news program hosted by Craig Kilborn premieres on Comedy Central in the US.


With a record 6 races remaining, German Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher clinches his 5th F1 World Drivers Championship with victory in the French Grand Prix at Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours; 3rd straight title win.


Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series, was released.


The U.S. space shuttle program ended, after 135 missions, as the orbiter Atlantis landed at NASA’s John F. Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida.


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