Today In History 8/1

Published 4:00 am Tuesday, August 1, 2023


Roman Emperor Claudius I, who extended Roman rule in North Africa and made Britain a province, was born in Lugdunum, Gaul (now Lyon, France).


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Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are historically contestable).


King Henry III of France was stabbed this day in 1589 by Jacques Clément, a Jacobin friar, and died the next day after acknowledging his Bourbon ally, Henry of Navarre (Henry IV), a Huguenot, as his successor.


Queen Anne, the last Stuart ruler of England, died at age 49.


Jean-Baptiste Lamarck—a French biologist best known for his theory that acquired traits are inheritable, an idea known as Lamarckism—was born in Bazentin-le-Petit.


English chemist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen by isolating it in its gaseous state.


Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect, abolishes slavery throughout the British Empire.


Colorado was admitted to the union, becoming the 38th U.S. state.


The Summer Olympics opened in Berlin, and the efforts by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party to demonstrate the superiority of the “Aryan race” were undermined by the success of African American athletes, notably Jesse Owens.


John F. Kennedy’s Why England Slept, a critical account of the British military that became a best seller, was published.


Operation Tidal Wave: U.S. forces attempt risky air raid on Axis oil refineries.


The Harlem Riot of 1943 begins.


The final entry was recorded in the diary of Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who spent two years in hiding during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.


The Warsaw Uprising began as the Polish underground tried to oust the German army and seize control of the city before it was occupied by the advancing Soviet army; after running out of supplies, the Poles were forced to surrender in October.


US atomic submarine USS Nautilus begins 1st transit of North Pole “Operation Sunshine”.


Charles Whitman, a student and ex-marine, fired down from the clock tower on the campus of the University of Texas at Austin, killing 14 people and wounding 31 others (one of whom died years later from complications related to his wounds); it was one of the worst mass murders in a public area in U.S. history.


Icelandic teacher and politician Vigdís Finnbogadóttir became president of Iceland; she was the first woman in the world to be elected head of state in a national election.


The cable television network MTV debuted, with the broadcast of the music video for Video Killed the Radio Star by the Buggles.


American author George R.R. Martin published A Game of Thrones, the first installment in his hugely popular fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire.


American author George R.R. Martin published A Game of Thrones, the first installment in his hugely popular fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire.


Fahd, who became king of Saudi Arabia in 1982, died at age 82; he was succeeded by his half brother ʿAbd Allah.