Today In History 8/5
Published 4:00 am Saturday, August 5, 2023
The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred.
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Henry I was crowned king of England.
William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown, the first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire.
Battle of Petrovaradin [Peterwardein]: Habsburgs under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks in a decisive victory.
Russia, Prussia, and Austria signed a treaty creating the First Partition of Poland, depriving that country of approximately half of its population and almost one-third of its land.
During the Battle of Mobile Bay, Union Admiral David Farragut sealed off the port of Mobile, Alabama, from Confederate blockade runners.
In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light was installed; it featured red and green lights.
In his last public stunt, American magician Harry Houdini stayed in an underwater airtight coffin for some 90 minutes; he bested rival magician Rahman Bey’s time of one hour.
U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong, the first man to set foot on the Moon, was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio.
American athlete Jesse Owens wins 200m in world record time (20.7s), his 3rd gold medal of the Berlin Olympics.
Dick Clark’s American Bandstand, a TV show in which performers lip-synched their latest songs and the teenage audience danced, began airing nationally.
Upper Volta—now Burkina Faso (which means “Land of Incorruptible People”), a landlocked country in western Africa—proclaimed its independence.
The United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom signed the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty in Moscow.
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson put the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution before Congress; it served as the principal constitutional authorization for the subsequent vast escalation of the United States’ military involvement in the Vietnam War.
The Beatles release single “Yellow Submarine” with “Eleanor Rigby” in the UK.
U.S. President Ronald Reagan fired more than 11,000 air traffic controllers who were on strike.
Thirty-three workers became trapped after a mine in the Atacama Desert of Chile collapsed, and the resulting rescue took 69 days, attracting international attention.
Thai businesswoman and politician Yingluck Shinawatra was elected prime minister of Thailand, becoming the first woman to hold that post.
Continued antigovernment protests and a general strike brought Hong Kong to a near standstill; among the demonstrators’ demands were universal suffrage and investigations into allegations of police brutality.